Taj Mahal: Information & Facts
The Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the World. A magnificent tribute to love and romance, this iconic monument has been described as a poem built in stone. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of one of his wives, Mumtaz Mahal. Perfectly proportioned, and amazingly precise in its symmetry, the Taj is built largely using solid marble, and in its innermost, contains the two ornate cenotaphs [ empty tombs] of Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Ten Interesting Facts about Taj Mahal
Fact 1: Buily by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his cherished third wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
Fact 2: The Taj took 22 years to build, from 1631 to 1653, with an estimated 20000 labourer’s toiling away to achieve the emperor’s dream.
Fact 3: Close to a Thousand elephants were used to haul stone and materials for the construction.
Fact 4: Various ornate designs inside and on the walls of the Taj Mahal contained at one time, up to 28 different types of gem stones.
Fact 5: Contrary to myth, the Emperor did Not have the hands of the architect and skilled craftsmen chopped off after completion of the Taj.
Fact 6: The four minarets of the Taj are precisely symmetrically aligned to each other, and have been constructed far enough from the main structure so that in case one of a collapse, the main dome would not be damaged.
Fact 7: The Calligraphy and verses on the walls of the Taj are progressively larger as their height increases so as to create the visual illusion that they are of uniform size when seen from the ground.
Fact 8: Emperor Shah Jahan was placed under ‘house arrest’ by his son Aurangzeb, shortly after the completion of the Taj, and infact spent his last days seeing the Taj Mahal from his window.
Fact 9: The Taj Mahal is one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.
Fact 10: The height of the Taj is approx 171 meters ( 564 feet )
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The Taj Mahal appears to ”change” colour slightly depending on the weather ( and lighting conditions), as the white marble is slightly luminous and reflects ambient light.